When traveling the Three
Gorges of Yangtze River, if you start
from Chongqing, then the first scenic
spot you encounter is Fengdu - a ghost
town between county of Zhong and Peling.
It is a little graceful town lying
at the foothill of the mountains and
right by the river.
There are 75 Buddha
and Tao temples in the town of Fengdu,
most of them gathered on a famous
hill named Ming Mountain.
Legends said that Ming
Mountain is one of the 72 graveyards
for Taoism. Tao believes when people
die, their spirits will gather there
(also called "spirit world").
All the temples on the hill were built
at Western Jin period (265 ~ 420A.D.)
and rebuilt in Ming and Ch'ing Dynasty
(1386 ~ 1911A.D.).
Fengdu is the only ghost
city in China. The temples are all
over the mountain with many statues.
In the "spirit world", there
are series of super beings in the
temples. They all have its own responsibility,
they guard the spirit world.
The days, from March 3
to 15th of the lunar month, are Fengdu
peoples' lively temple fair days.
During the days, there will be a lot
of interesting "spirit shows"
in the streets attracting many tourists
Fengdu has a great country
forest park "Shuang Gui Shan";
Guiwang stone carving, one of the
fineness in the world; this place
has the most Han tombs (old graves
from 206B.C. ~ 219A.D.) in China.
Therefore, when you traveling the
Three Gorges of Yangtze River, Fengdu
is a place you do not want to ignore.
It is also said that Fengdu
gained its reputation from two super
beings - Wang Fangping and Yin Changsheng.
They all lived at Han Dynasty (206B.C.
~ 219A.D.) and became super beings
one day in Pingdushan of Fengdu.
Their magic stories attracted
many believers. They merged their
families names, - Yin Wang, it means
the "ruler of hell". Therefore,
in peoples' mind, Fengdu became a
mystical and terrible place of spirits.
Li Bai, the great poet of Tang Dynasty
wrote this in his poem: "it is
interesting that all the people will
be a citizen of Fengdu one day".