Turpan, lying in the east of Xinjiang, is called "an
oasis in the desert." It is very hot and dry in
summer, with the highest temperature of 47.5oC. The
hottest season with a temperature above 40oC may last
as long as over 40 days a year.
Astana Ancient Tombs
Astana Ancient Tombs, situated about
40 kilometers to the southeast of Turpan, used
to serve as the cemetery of the citizens of Gaochang
from 273 in the Western Jin Dynasty to 778 in
the Tang Dynasty.
Ruins of the Ancient City of Jiaohe
About 10 kilometers west of Turpan
County, Jiaohe was a strategically important city
on the ancient Silk Road that travelers must pass
Well 0 years ago. The karez is made up of three parts,
ditch, underground channel and dam.
Ancient City of Gaochang
Situated at the foot of the Flaming
Mountains, Gaochang was founded in the first century
B.C. and abandoned by the end of the 13th century.