Chinese History in Brief
One of the world's oldest
civilizations, China boasts a chronicled history
of more than 5,000 years.
In the 21st Century BC China saw the
end of long years of primitive society and the
beginning of the slave society with the founding
of the Xia Dynasty. The Xia was followed by the
Shang and West Zhou, which encompassed Spring
and Autumn and Waring States periods. In 221BC,
Qinshihuang founded the Qin Dynasty, the first
feudal autocracy in Chinese history that unveiled
more than 2,000 years of feudalism which, until
it's demise in the Opium War of 1840,
saw the rise and fall of a succession of dynasties
like the Han, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing
The Chinese civilization reaches an
apex early in ancient times. As early as the Shang,
3,000 years ago, the Chinese hand invented the
art of bronze metallurgy and iron tools. A galaxy
of distinguished thinkers, scientists, artists
and writers emerged in the intervening years.
The Chinese of ancient times were known for their
brilliant achievements in mathematics, medical
science, astronomy, agriculture, architecture,
and many other fields. The world never looked
the same after the Chinese came up with the four
major inventions: Papermaking, mobile block printing,
powder and the compass.
The bourgeois democratic revolution
of 1911 led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen toppled the rule
to the Qing Dynasty, termination more than 2 million
years' feudal monarchy, and culmination
in the establishment of the provisional government
of the Republic of China.
October 1, 1949 saw the founding of
the People's Republic of China.Today,
in transition to a socialist market economic system
under the policy of reform and opening up to the
rest of the world, China is blazing a new trail
in building socialism with Chinese characteristics.