China Boundaries and Neighbors
China Land Frontier
China's land frontier is about 20,000
Km in length, extending from the Yalu River estuary
on the Sino- Korean boundary to the Beicang River
estuary on the Sino-Vietnamese boundary. The country
is bounded by Korea to the east; Russia to the
northwest; Mongolia to the north; Russia and Kazakhstan
to the northwest; Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan
and Pakistan to the west; India, Nepal and Bhutan
to the southwest; and Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam
to the south.
China's 18,000 Km long continental
coasts is washed by the bohai Sea, Yellow Sea,
East Sea and South China Sea. The pacific is off
the eastern shore of the Taiwan Island. There
are over 5,000 islands of varying sizes on the
Chinese territorial seas, the largest of them
being the Taiwan Island, the second largest, the
Hainan Island. Nin-tenths of these islands are
found on the East China Sea and the South China
Sea. There are also a number of archipelagos on
the ocean, such as Zhoushan Archipelago and the
Nansha Archipelago. Shandong, Liaodong, and Leizhou
are three largest peninsulas.
The Chinese territorial seas are 12 nautical miles
in width. The Bohai Sea in the arms of the Liaodong
and Shandong Peninsulas, and the Qiongzhou Strait
between the Leizhou Peninsula and the Hainan Island
are continental seas.
The countries separated from China by the sea
are, from north to south, the Republic of Korea,
Japan, the Philippines, Brunei, Malaysia and Indonesia.