Qufu is the home of Confucius, the
celebrated thinker and educator of ancient China.
The Confucian temple, mansion and graveyard are
on the UNESCO'S list of world cultural heritage
Qufu is located 160 km south of Jinan.
It covers an area of 899 square meters. On the
east lies the Yimeng Mountain, Huai River to the
south and Mt. Tai on the north. Qufu enjoys a
temperate continental monsoon climate with four
distinct seasons. The city receives an average
annual rainfall of 666 millimeters and the average
annual temperature of 13.6 Co.
During the Spring and Autumn and Warring
States periods, Qufu was the capital of the state
of Lu. It is the birth place of Confucius. From
the western Han Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty, 12
emperors came to Qufu to pay homage to Confucius.
Qufu was prosperous during the Qing Dynasty. During
the Cultural Revolution, Qufu suffered serious
damage. Since the 1980s Qufu has been rebuilt
and now attracts many foreign and domestic travelers.