Science and Technology
At beginning of 21st century, the gap in
high-technology research and development between China
and the world's advanced countries has visibly shrunk;
60% of technologies, including atomic energy, space,
high-energy physics, biology, computer and information
technology, have reached or are close to the world advanced
The basic Law on Progress of Science and
Technology promulgated in July 1993 underpins China's
development of science and technology and its system
of granting science and technology awards. This stipulates
the objectives, functions and sources of funds, and
the system of rewards for science and technology development.
The Law on Popularization of Science and Technology
promulgated in June 2002 makes a societal goal to popularize
science and technology knowledge among all citizens.
Since the 1990s, state budgets for science
and technology have greatly increased. In 2004, the
appropriation for science and technology reached 97.55
billion yuan, 19.5 percent more than in 2003; the government
spent 184.3 billion yuan on scientific research and
development, 19.7 percent more than in 2003, accounting
for 1.35 percent of GDP, the highest in China's history.
Brief Intro. of China