Luoyang city is located in the western part
of Henan Province, on both bides of the middle reaches
of the Yellow River. It is a state-grade historic cultural
city and a famous ancient capital.Luoyang is also a
newly develop-ing industrial city with rich resources,
splendid culture, convenient transport and a strong
scientific and technological force.
According to textual research, since China's
first dynasty-the Xia Dynasty set up its capital here,
Luoyang was made the capital city at different times
by 13 dynasties in China's history, including the Xia,
Shang, Eastern Zhou, Eastern Han, Cao Wei, Western Jin,
Northern Wei, Sui and Tang, over a period of 1,529 years.
Of China's seven ancient capital cities, Kaifeng is
the earliest city in China, with the longest history
as a capital city, and the largest number of dynasties
setting up their capital here.
Luoyang is the east starting point
of the world-renowned Silk Road. Since the period
of the East Han Dynasty, it gradually became an
international Metropolis. History has left behind
rich historic heritage in Luoyang, including ruined
sites of ancient capital cities, temples, grottoes,
tombs and inscribed stone tablets.
Of these historic relics, the state-grade
protected key historic relics unit-the ruined
sites of the 5 ancient capitals of the Xia, Shang,
Zhou, Han-Wei and Sui-Tang Dynasties are invaluable
rare treasures of the whole world. Longmen Grottoes
is one of China's three stone carving art treasures
and has been designated as part of world cultural
The White Horse Temple is the first
officially-run Buddhist temple set up after Buddhism
was introduced into China, often called the "Source"
or the" Ancestral Court" of China's
At Mounshan Mountain there remains
China's largest ancient tombs group, with the
imperial mausoleums of the various dynasties since
the East Zhou forming the main part. The first
World Ancient Tombs Museum has been set up here.
Luoyang peony is world renowned for
its rare beauty, regarded as the "finest
flower under heaven." It is not only the
flower of Luoyang City, but also the national
flower of China. The magnificent Peony Festival
held in Luoyang every April attracts countless
domestic and international visitors.
Luoyang has become a stage of displaying
Luoyang's(even Henan's) traditional culture and
peony culture as well as a window to help promote
economic development and opening up to the outside