Uygur Autonomous Region, which is located in the
heart of the Eurasian Continent known as the Western
Regions in ancient times. It borders upon Mongolia,
Russia. Kazakhstan, Kirghizstan, Tajikstan, Afghanistan,
Pakistan and India, covering an area of 1.66million
sq. Km, about one-sixth of the national total.
The Silk Road in Xinjiang was divided into three
routes: the southern, the middle and the northern.
Along the 2,000km Silk Routes there are numerous
ruins of ancient cities, beacon towers and cultural
relics. Lining the routes are many multi-national
region marked by distinctive features of both
spoken and written languages, music and dancing,
and customs of the ethnic minorities in accordance
with their different background of history and
civilization and religious beliefs.
is one word that best describes the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous
Region: exotic. There is no other province quite like
it in all China. Taking up more than one-sixth of the
country's landmass, Xinjiang is China's largest province,
bounded by a 5,000-Kilometer (3,125-mile) frontier which
borders no fewer than eight other nations. It embraces
the Taklamakan Desert, the largest in China, as well
as some of the country's highest mountain ranges. In
winter, the temperature is well below freezing. In summer,
it is scorching. It is not just geographical splendor
that makes Xinjiang special. The ancient Silk Road passed
through this region, linking China with faraway ports
on the Caspian and Mediterranean seas. Those Links left
a strong impression on the region that remains today.
Xinjiang is home to many magical oasis towns that were
once crucial staging posts on the most celebrated trading
route the world has ever known. This is where you will
discover one of Xinjiang's greatest attraction-its people.
The natives of the province are Uygurs, a Muslim race
who appear more Central Asian than Chinese. Some
even have fair hair and blue eyes. The Uygur speaks
a language which is Turkic in origin. Indeed, the influence
of civilizations to the west is strongly seen and felt
everywhere across Xinjiang, notably in the long Uygur
tradition of showing hospitality to outsiders. Their
music, dance and custom are fascinating and delightful.
As for the food? The smell of delicious barbecued lamb
and mutton Kebabs is omnipresent. Visiting Xinjiang
is like entering a strange and exciting world.
WELCOMING TO KASHGAR
Every year Uygur people celebrate a number
of religious festivals. The most celebrated highlights
in the life of Uygur are the Lesser Bairam and the Corban.
The dates of Muslim festivals change annually for they
are based on the Islamic calendar. According to Islamic
doctrine, the ninth month on the Islamic calendar is
a month of fasting. On the night of the last day of
the month people will see if the
crescent moon is out to decide if the next day (the
first day of the 10th month) will be the day of fast
-breaking. If the moon is not seen, people will continue
their fast but the extension period will be on more
than three days.
Kashgar, a town of over 100 mosques, Muslims
are led by local imams to the Idkah Mosque for a whole
city celebration. From dawn to noon, people pouring
into the square. Each group is led by an imam clad in
a robe wearing turbar. On the way they will stop after
walking a short distance to recite the Koran and repeat
this seven times. By 2:00pm. a gathering of 100,000
strong is found in the square in front the Idkah Mosque
and the ceremony now officially begins. The Corban festival
is in 24,Feb, 2002. The Muslims great each other and
pour our of the mosque and square. Music is heard coming
from the tower of the mosque to mark the beginning of
a great fanfare. On
the street all you can hear are the footsteps and Koran
reciting by Muslim disciples. All the shops in the city
are closed and people mustn' t go to work.
Xinjiang Travel Attractions