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Home >> China City Guide >> Henan Province >> Kaifeng
 
 

Kaifeng

Kaifeng tour map
Kaifeng, Kaifeng travel China tour Henan tours
Kaifeng, Kaifeng tours China travel Henan tour
Kaifeng, Kaifeng tour China travel Henan trip
Kaifeng is one of the Seven Ancient Capitals of China.In 364 BC, the state of Wei during the Warring States Period founded a city called Daliang as its capital in this area. During this period, the first of many canals in the area was constructed; it linked a local river to the Huang He. When the State of Wei was conquered by the Qin, Kaifeng was destroyed and abandoned except for a mid-sized market town, which remained in its place.During the Song Dynasty, Kaifeng was the capital with a population of over 400,000, living both inside and outside the city wall. Typhus was an acute problem of the city. In 1049, Youguosi Pagoda, or Iron Pagoda as it is called today, was constructed, which measures 54.7 m in height. It has survived the destruction of wars and floodings and become the oldest landmark in this ancient city. Another Song Dynasty pagoda, Bo Ta , from 974, has been partially destroyed.

Another well-known sight was the astronomical clock tower of the engineer, scientist, and statesman Su Song (1020-1101 AD). It was crowned with a rotating armillary sphere that was hydraulic-powered (i.e. by waterwheel and clepsydra clock), yet it incorporated an escapement mechanism two hundred years before they were found in clockworks of Europe, and featured the first known endless power-transmitting chain drive.

Kaifeng is also known for having the oldest extant Jewish community in China, the Kaifeng Jews.

Kaifeng Travel Attractions
Kaifeng
 
 
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