and Xidi Village
Hongcun Village is located at the foot of
the southwest side of Mt. Huangshan, only 11 kilometers
away from Yixian town. It is a unique, buffalo-shaped
ancient village in the ancient village. The whole village
is measured to be 30 hectares; it is bedded at Mt.Leigang,
facing Nanhu Lake.
In the Song dynasty, the villagers constructed
an irrigation canal reaching every house, so virtually
every household in the village has easy access of the
canal. The waterways of the village were supposed to
be designed to provide source of washing water, even
fire water in case of emergency. The construction was
designed in similarity to a buffalo's body
structure: Nanhu Lake is shaped like the buffalo's
belly; Moon Pond looks like its stomach; the channel
its intestine. This vivid layout of buffalo is one outstanding
feature of the village.
All the buildings follow local architectural
style, have exquisite carvings and are magnificent symbols
of its time. They were built with fine craftsmanship
that is regarded as the best in China. Among them, Chenzhi
Hall is a big and gorgeous residential building, including
two living rooms, one Buddhism prayer section, one Mah-jongg
room and a opium cabinet, etc. It enjoys the name of
The village has nice scenery - simple but
elegant, a fine mixture of old houses, green hills and
clear creeks. Hongcun Village has always enjoyed the
name "a village in the Chinese painting".
The village now boasts 158 dwelling houses dating back
to the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties;
nearly 140 are still in good shape.
Because of this extraordinary feature of
the village, Hongcun Village was added to the list of
the World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in late 2000.
It is also the location for the famous prize film "Crouching
Tiger, Hidden Dragon".