Imperial Mountain Resort
Imperial Mountain Resort is located in the city of Chengde
in northeastern Hebei Province. Its construction started
from the 42nd year of Emperor Kangxi's reign (1702),
and completed in the 57th year of Emperor Qianlong's
reign (1792). It is China's largest imperial garden,
covering an area of 5.6 million sq. meters, and with
a wall of 10km. surrounding the garden. The construction
is mammoth, brilliant and magnificent.
The Mountain Resort can be divided
into two parts: the palace area and
garden area. The former was located
in the southeast part of the Mountain
Resort where the main buildings include
Zhenggong (Front Palace), Songhezhai
(Pine and Crane Hall), Wanhesongfeng
(Whispering Pine Valley), and Donggong
(Eastern Palace). The Hall of Danbo
Jingcheng (Frugality and Placidity)
is the main hall of the Front Palace.
It is also known as Nanmu Hall because
it was built of the fine-grained fragrant
hardwood called nanny. The Hall of
Wanhesongfeng standing on a hillock
by the lakeside and encircled by green
pine groves, is a grand scenic spot.
garden area consists of the lake, plains and mountains.
The lake is filled with crystal-clear rippling waters.
Three pavilions were built upon a long bridge that spans
the lake. To the north of the pavilions, lies an island
by the name of "Moon Color and River Sound".
The buildings on the island include Jingji Shanfang
(Mountain Haven For Quietness), Yingxin Tang (Hall of
Jade-Like Heart), Lengxiang Ting (Pavilion with cold
Fragrance) etc. Whenever a moon night falls, the reflections
of moonlight upon the lake waters are so bright and
clear, and tranquility reigns all over the Resort areas.
Only audible is the murmuring of flowing waters. The
moon night at the Resort is so quiet, peaceful and picturesque!
The plains lie to the
north of the lake area. The Garden
of Ten Thousand Trees is located in
its northeast. Upon its luxuriantly
green grassland, Davids deer
roam about in twos and threes, and
pheasants and hare make their frequent
appearances. The Garden dotted with
curt-style palaces presents a view
of northland prairie. Shimadai (Ground
for Practising Horse-Ride) in the
southwest, is a vast stretch of flat
land covered with green grass, where
one can go for a gallop. Stupa at
the Yongyou Temple (Temple of Eternal
Blessing), the largest building in
the plain area, was built in the style
of the Pagoda at Baoen Temple (Temple
of Paying Debt of Gratitude) in Nanjing
City, and the Liuhe Pagoda (Six-Harmony
Pagoda) in Hangzhou City. It's a 9
storied and 8 angled stepper, totaling
over 10 m. in height. To its west,
stands Wenjin Hall (Knowledge Imparting
Hall) of two stories in outer appearance,
but three stories inside in fact.
The hidden story is for storing books.
mountains account for 4/5 of the Resort in area, with
a terrain sloping from the northwest to the southeast.
Ranged from south to north, are 4 successive valleys:
Zhenzi yu (Hazels Valley), Lishu yu (Pear Trees Valley),
Songlin yu (Pine Trees Valley) and Songyun xia (Pine
Clouds Valley). On the summit of the mountain rising
from Zhenzi yu, perches a large pavilion with a rolling
roof, and commanding a distant view of Qingchui Peak
(Club-shaped Peak) sparkling with golden and violet
rays under the setting-sun light. On the mountain top
in the west area, there is a square pavilion built on
only two pillars, where one can have a panoramic view
of surrounding mountain ranges and peaks. Most fascinating
of all is the Pavilion of "Snow-Covered South Mountain".
It is located at a mountaintop in the north with the
eastern side being perilous cliff. In the eye of an
observer at the pavilion, Wulie River far away in the
east, resembled a white ribbon floating out of the mountains,
and the lake area were a vivid and enchanting miniatured
landscape. In winter times, the pavilion is an ideal
place to enjoy the scenery of snow.
Chengde Travel Attractions