is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located
in the northeast of the People's Republic of China,
in the center of the Songliao Plain. It is administered
as a sub-provincial city with a population of about
7.5 million under its jurisdiction, including counties
and county-level cities. The name originated from the
Jurchen language. The urban districts of Changchun's
city proper have a total population of 3.58 million.
Changchun, located northeast of Beijing, is the capital
of Jilin province. It is a Chinese version of a combination
of Detroit and Hollywood. It has China's largest motor
vehicle plant and its biggest film studio.
Located in the center of the northeast plain, Changchun,
meaning "eternal spring", was first settled
more than 1,000 years ago. But it did not develop much
until the turn of this century. The city grew enormously
in the 1930s after it was made the capital of the Japanese
puppet state, Manchukuo, during the Japanese military
occupation of the area (1930--1945).
Changchun has witnessed rapid development
since the founding of the People's Republic in 1949,
and has become a major industrial and cultural city
in China. It has few sites of historical values or ancient
monuments to offer tourists. But if you are interested
in how cars and trucks are made in China, then you can
visit the No. 1 Automobile Plant. If film-making interests
you, you can arrange a tour of the Changchun Film Studio,
the same way you visit the Universal Studio at Hollywood.
The only major historical site you
can visit is the imperial palace of China's last emperor.
It is nothing like the imperial palaces in Beijing or
Shenyang. It is comprised mostly of simple houses with
crude lay-outs, reflecting the hasty establishment of
the Japanese puppet state, headed by Puyi, China's last
emperor dethroned in the 1911 Revolution.
Changchun lies in the middle portion
of the Northeast China Plain. The city is situated at
a moderate elevation, ranging from 250 metres (820 ft)
to 350 metres (1,150 ft) within its administrative region.
In the eastern portion of the city, there lies a small
area of low mountains.
Changchun has a humid continental
climate (K?ppen Dwa). Winters are long (lasting from
November to March), cold, and windy, but dry, due to
the influence of the Siberian anticyclone, with a January
mean temperature of ?14.7 °C (5.5 °F). Spring
and fall are somewhat short transitional periods, with
some precipitation, but are usually dry and windy. Summers
are hot and humid, with a prevailing southeasterly wind
due to the East Asian monsoon; July averages 23.4 °C
(74.1 °F). Slightly more than 2/3 of the annual
precipitation of 570 millimetres (22.4 in) falls from
June to August. A typical year will see upwards of 2,600
hours of sunshine, and a frost-free period of 140 to