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Home >> China City Guide >> Jilin Province >> Changchun City, Changchun travel guide & tours
 
 

Changchun

Changchun people's squareChangchun is the capital and largest city of Jilin province, located in the northeast of the People's Republic of China, in the center of the Songliao Plain. It is administered as a sub-provincial city with a population of about 7.5 million under its jurisdiction, including counties and county-level cities. The name originated from the Jurchen language. The urban districts of Changchun's city proper have a total population of 3.58 million.
Changchun, located northeast of Beijing, is the capital of Jilin province. It is a Chinese version of a combination of Detroit and Hollywood. It has China's largest motor vehicle plant and its biggest film studio.
Located in the center of the northeast plain, Changchun, meaning "eternal spring", was first settled more than 1,000 years ago. But it did not develop much until the turn of this century. The city grew enormously in the 1930s after it was made the capital of the Japanese puppet state, Manchukuo, during the Japanese military occupation of the area (1930--1945).

Changchun has witnessed rapid development since the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, and has become a major industrial and cultural city in China. It has few sites of historical values or ancient monuments to offer tourists. But if you are interested in how cars and trucks are made in China, then you can visit the No. 1 Automobile Plant. If film-making interests you, you can arrange a tour of the Changchun Film Studio, the same way you visit the Universal Studio at Hollywood.

The only major historical site you can visit is the imperial palace of China's last emperor. It is nothing like the imperial palaces in Beijing or Shenyang. It is comprised mostly of simple houses with crude lay-outs, reflecting the hasty establishment of the Japanese puppet state, headed by Puyi, China's last emperor dethroned in the 1911 Revolution.

Changchun lies in the middle portion of the Northeast China Plain. The city is situated at a moderate elevation, ranging from 250 metres (820 ft) to 350 metres (1,150 ft) within its administrative region. In the eastern portion of the city, there lies a small area of low mountains.

Climate

Changchun has a humid continental climate (K?ppen Dwa). Winters are long (lasting from November to March), cold, and windy, but dry, due to the influence of the Siberian anticyclone, with a January mean temperature of ?14.7 °C (5.5 °F). Spring and fall are somewhat short transitional periods, with some precipitation, but are usually dry and windy. Summers are hot and humid, with a prevailing southeasterly wind due to the East Asian monsoon; July averages 23.4 °C (74.1 °F). Slightly more than 2/3 of the annual precipitation of 570 millimetres (22.4 in) falls from June to August. A typical year will see upwards of 2,600 hours of sunshine, and a frost-free period of 140 to 150 days.

Changchun Attractions
Changchun
 
 
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