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Home >> China City Guide >> Beijing >> Jinshanling Great wall - Beijing tourist guide
 
 

Jinshanling Great Wall

 

Jinshanling Great wall
Jinshanling Great wall
Jinshanling Great wall, Beijing

One hundred forty kilometers (87 miles) northeast of Beijing, the Jinshanling Great Wall stretches along the Big and Small Jinshanling mountain ranges, adjacent to Simatai. It is built near Gubei Pass, the only way through these mountains, which are steep and virtually impossible to climb. The pass is a very powerful point of control and one which Jinshanling wall was strategically designed to defend, giving it great importance in China's history.

The wall was initially built between 1368 and 1389 during the Ming Dynasty and rebuilt in 1570 under the supervision of famous General Qi Jiguang, who supervised the building of a number of defensive works while entrusted with guarding northern China.

The Great Wall here is largely known for its uniquely complex structure and densely distributed lookout towers. Altogether, there are 158 lookout towers of various styles along the wall. Some of them are made of brick and wood, while others are brick and stone structures. The pier bases as well as the roofs are of various shapes and sizes. Other constructions include night-watch towers and storage buildings, both quite rare in other sections of the Great Wall. Various unevenly distributed constructions along the Jinshanling Great Wall form the perfect defense system.

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