Republic of China and one of the most populous
cities in the world, with a population of 19,612,368
as of 2010. The metropolis, located in northern China,
is governed as a direct-controlled municipality under
the national government, with 14 urban and suburban
districts and two rural counties. Beijing Municipality
is surrounded by Hebei Province with the exception of
neighboring Tianjin Municipality to the southeast.
Beijing is China's second largest city by
urban population after Shanghai and is the country's
political, cultural, and educational center, and home
to the headquarters for most of China's largest state-owned
companies. Beijing is a major transportation hub in
the national highway, expressway, railway and high-speed
rail network. Beijing's Capital International Airport
is the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic.
Not many cities in the world have been the
political and cultural centre of an area as immense
for so long time.Beijing is one of the Four Great Ancient
Capitals of China, and it has been the political centre
of China for centuries. The city is famous for its opulent
Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Great Wall of China
and its art treasures and universities have made it
a centre of culture and art in China.