Badaling Great Wall
Badaling Great Wall is located at
Yanqing County, more than 70 kilometers northwest
from the center of Beijing City. It is a mountain
pass of the Jundu Mountain. Badaling is at the
highest point of north end of the Guan'gou gorge,
in which the Juyongguan Pass lies. In the history,
the function of Badaling Great Wall was to protect
the Juyongguan Pass. Badaling Great Wall became
a very important military strategic place since
the Spring and Autumn Period (770 BC - 476 BC)
and the Warring States Period (476 BC - 221 BC).
Many incomplete parts of the wall were proved
to be built in the Warring States Period.
The wall of Badaling has a total length
of 3, 741 meters with an average height of 8 meters.
The highest part is 15 meters. The total area
for a tour is 19, 000 square meters. The top of
the wall can permit five horses to be ridden abreast.
There are arched doors at the inner side of the
wall with very little distance between each two
doors. The arched doors lead you to the top of
the wall by stone stairs.
Badaling was the earliest section
open to the tourists among all the parts of the
whole Great Wall. In 1987, Badaling was listed
as a 'World Cultural heritage' by the United Nation.